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A Confucian Constitution for China

The Dacheng Hall, the main hall of the Temple of Confucius in Qufu. Photo from Wikimedia Commons.

by Jiang Qing and Daniel A. Bell
from the New York Times

Recently, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton gave a speech in Mongolia denouncing Asian governments that seek “to restrict people’s access to ideas and information, to imprison them for expressing their views, to usurp the rights of citizens to choose their leaders.” It was a swipe at China’s authoritarian political system. The view that China should become more democratic is widely held in the West. But framing the debate in terms of democracy versus authoritarianism overlooks better possibilities.

The political future of China is far likelier to be determined by the longstanding Confucian tradition of “humane authority” than by Western-style multiparty elections. After all, democracy is flawed as an ideal. Political legitimacy is based solely on the sovereignty of the people — more specifically, a government that grants power to democratically elected representatives. But there is no compelling reason for a government to have only one source of legitimacy.

Democracy is also flawed in practice. Political choices come down to the desires and interests of the electorate. This leads to two problems. First, the will of the majority may not be moral: it may favor racism, imperialism or fascism. Second, when there is a clash between the short-term interests of the populace and the long-term interests of mankind, as is the case with global warming, the people’s short-term interests become the political priority. As a result, democratically elected governments in America and elsewhere are finding it nearly impossible to implement policies that curb energy usage in the interests of humanity and of future generations.

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New Year’s Resolutions: A Confucian View

by Rodney L. Taylor, Ph.D.
from Huffington Post

It’s that time of year again when we find ourselves making those infamous resolutions for the New Year. While some may be of the most banal sort — to lose weight, to drink less coffee, to take that dream vacation. Most, we might hope, suggest a focus upon the betterment of ourselves as a person.

But New Year’s resolutions seem all too automatically composed and all too soon and easily neglected and forgotten. And so their point would be?

The point of a resolution is the establishment of a goal and the commitment to that goal. We want to be a better person whatever our religious or non-religious persuasion and we make a resolution to pursue ways to fulfill that goal — to become a better person.

What does such an idea mean for Confucius?

There is a passage in the Analects of Confucius that provides the foundation for a resolution. It is not a New Year’s resolution per se, but rather a resolution for life. This particular passage suggests a resolution that becomes a compass charting the course of the development of a life — a moral compass point if you will.

Confucius is quoted as saying, “At fifteen I had set my will upon learning. At thirty, I stood firm. At forty, I had no doubts. At fifty, I knew the will of Heaven. At sixty, I heard it with a listening ear. At seventy, I could follow my heart’s desire without overstepping what was right.” (Analects II:4)

Described by some as the shortest autobiography ever written (!), the passage in fact speaks to benchmarks of life, each a progression forward in a life defined by the quest to become a person ofjen, goodness and humaneness.

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December 31st, 2011 at 9:13 am